Santa Claus πŸŽ… has already delivered all the gifts to the children but they want to see if they can improve for next year.

The elves want to know how many moves Santa Claus πŸ›· made to deliver all the gifts. For this, they give you a map of the city with the location of each child and Santa.

The map is a multiline text string where each character represents a square. The children are represented by numbers from 1 to 9 and Santa Claus by the letter S. The rest of the squares are .

Santa Claus can only move up, down, left, or right, and each move counts as 1 km. In addition, he always starts at the S position and must deliver the gifts in order, from 1 to 9.

const map = `.....1....

const result = travelDistance(map)
console.log(result) // -> 12 km
From S to kid 1: 4 moves
From kid 1 to 2: 5 moves
From kid 2 to 3: 3 moves
Total: 12 moves

const result2 = travelDistance(`..S.1...`)
console.log(result2) // -> 2

Write a travelDistance function that receives a map and returns the total distance Santa Claus has traveled according to the position of the children.

Take into account that:

  • The map doesn't have to be square.
  • The map will always have at least one child.
  • The map will always have an initial position for Santa Claus.
  • The numbers of the kids never repeat.